After Darwin: Ecology, Posthumanism, and Aesthetics in the Twenty-First Century

Coedited with Deanna Kreisel (Cambridge 2022)

Creative storytelling was the beating heart of Darwin’s science.

All of Darwin’s writings drew on information gleaned from a worldwide network of scientific research and correspondence, but they hinge on moments in which Darwin asks his reader to imagine how specific patterns came to be over time, spinning yarns filled with protagonists and antagonists, crises, triumphs, and tragedies. His fictions also forged striking new possibilities for the interpretation of human societies and their relation to natural environments.

Darwin’s works furnish a paradigmatic case for the capacity of the humanities to explore the inner workings of science and its complex relation to other modes of experience.

This collection gathers an international roster of scholars to ask what Darwin’s writing offers future of literary scholarship and critical theory, as well as allied fields like history, art history, philosophy, gender studies, disability studies, the history of race, aesthetics, and ethics. It will speak to anyone interested in the impact of Darwin on the humanities, including literary scholars, undergraduate and graduate students, and general readers interested in Darwin’s continuing influence.


The Age of Analogy: Science and Literature Between the Darwins

(Johns Hopkins 2016)

How did literature shape nineteenth-century science?

Erasmus Darwin and his grandson, Charles, were the two most important evolutionary theorists of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain. Although their ideas and methods differed, both Darwins were prolific and inventive writers: Erasmus composed several epic poems and scientific treatises, while Charles is renowned both for his collected journals (now titled The Voyage of the Beagle) and for his masterpiece, The Origin of Species.

In The Age of Analogy, I argue that the Darwins’ writing style was profoundly influenced by the poets, novelists, and historians of their era. The Darwins, like other scientists of the time, labored to refashion contemporary literary models into a new mode of narrative analysis that could address the contingent world disclosed by contemporary natural science. By employing vivid language and experimenting with a variety of different genres, these writers gave rise to a new relational study of antiquity, or “comparative historicism,” that emerged outside of traditional histories. It flourished instead in literary forms like the realist novel and the elegy, as well as in natural histories that explored the continuity between past and present forms of life. Nurtured by imaginative cross-disciplinary descriptions of the past—from the historical fiction of Sir Walter Scott and George Eliot to the poetry of Alfred Tennyson—this novel understanding of history fashioned new theories of natural transformation, encouraged a fresh investment in social history, and explained our intuition that environment shapes daily life.


“Afterlives of the Comparative Method,” chapter in Writing the History of the Humanities, edited by Herman Paul, University of Leiden (Routledge, estimated 2022)

“Great Exaptations: On Reading Darwin’s Plant Narratives,” chapter in Narratives in Science, edited by Mary S. Morgan, London School of Economics (Cambridge, estimated 2022)

“The Ecology of Form,” Critical Inquiry 48:1 (Autumn 2021)

With Brianna Beehler and Grace Franklin, “Introduction: The Green Conference” Nineteenth-Century Contexts 42:5 (Spring 2021).

“Silas Marner and the Ecology of Form,” special issue of Victorian Literature and Culture 48:1 (Spring 2020)

With Deanna Kreisel, “Open Ecologies,” Intro to special issue of Victorian Literature and Culture (Spring 2020)

“Teleology,” Victorian Literature and Culture 46:3/4 (Autumn 2018) [Translated into Portuguese as “Teleologia,” trans. Sergio Salles. Journal of Teleological Science 1:2 (2021): 16-21.]

“Petrodrama: Melodrama and Energetic Modernity,” special issue of Victorian Studies 60:4 (Summer 2018)

“The Distribution of Romantic Life in Erasmus Darwin’s Later Works,” European Romantic Review (Summer 2018)

“Darwin and Literature” in The Cambridge Companion to Literature and Science (2018)

“The Comparative Method and the Modern History of the Humanities” History of the Humanities (Fall 2017) [Translated into Czech as “Metoda porównawcza a historia wspólczesnych nauk humanistycznych,” trans. Dzkiowicz and Ludkiewicz. Tekstualia. 54:3 (2018): 5-32.]

“Romantic Planet: Romanticism, Science and Literature in the Anthropocene” Literature Compass (Jan. 2017)

“The Fertile Darwins: Epigenesis, Organicism, and the Problem of Inheritance,” special issue of RoN: Romanticism on the Net, 66/67 (Spring/Fall 2016)

“The Radical’s Catalogue: Antonio Panizzi, Virginia Woolf, and the British Museum Library’s Catalogue of Printed Books” Book History 18 (2015).

“Flattening the World: Natural Theology and the Ecology of Darwin’s Orchids” Nineteenth-Century Contexts 37 (2015)

“The Comparative History of A Tale of Two Cities” English Literary History vol. 80 (Fall 2013)

“The Intuitions of Analogy in Erasmus Darwin’s Poetics” Studies in English Literature vol. 50 (Summer 2011)